By | November 16, 2017

Living it up with burgers and fried chicken? Might sound just perfect, but you need to give it a thought because things are not looking good for you in the future. In fact, it’s highly possible that by the time you reach your 30s, you will start feeling like an old man who has to keep a check on everything he eats and drinks.

Maintaining a healthy diet is not that hard. You might have a few cheat days but that is infinitely better than eating junk food every day. So, why is it so important to maintain a healthy diet? Numerous articles have elaborated on how eating a nutritious diet can keep one active and in shape. They talk about various heart diseases that are caused by fatty foods, high cholesterol, diabetes, smoking, etc. However, none of them cover the full extent of the diseases. To give you an idea about what you are in danger of developing, let’s talk about narrowing arteries:

What Causes Atherosclerosis

Depending on your lifestyle and eating habits, your arteries might start shrinking at a young age. Fatty material starts building up in the artery lining, to the point where the arteries get blocked. This blockage stops the blood from flowing back to the heart, causing inflammation and chest pain. There’s a high possibility that this blockage might rupture and cause a breakage in the artery lining, which can lead to heart attack or stroke.

Diagnosis

It takes a person quite some time to know that they have Atherosclerosis. In fact, they only get to know about it after they have had a heart attack. There are several tests that can be conducted to diagnose Atherosclerosis.

The first is a physical exam, where a cardiologist listens to the lungs and heart with a stethoscope. The narrowed arteries make a whooshing sound when the blood tries to cross the blockage. Following are some tests that are recommended by doctors:

  • Cholesterol test (should be performed at the age of 20)
  • Doppler tests (makes use ultrasound)
  • MRI Scan – Magnetic resonance arteriography (MRA)
  • CT angiography
  • Angiography via x-rays to look inside the arteries

Treatment

Treating Narrowing Artery with Angioplasty

Angioplasty is a procedure in which the narrowed arteries are brought back to their original size. A sheath is passed into the narrowed artery through a flexible wire. A thin tube is then passed into the arteries, which is blown to a measured size to open the arteries and expand them to their original size. After three minutes, the balloon is deflated and taken out. A contrast medium is then added to make the arteries visible on the x-ray. If the balloon is not enough, then a stent is placed inside that keeps the arteries open. This cylindrical tube is permanently placed in the arteries.

While angioplasty is an invasive surgery, it does not involve opening any part of the chest cavity. Everything is done live, and the procedure takes around 30 to 60 minutes. It’s important that you start monitoring your health seriously from an early age and get the necessary tests done to make sure that you are not suffering from Atherosclerosis. Diagnosing it in time will save you from a heart attack, which can lead to your death.