Among all the eye problems that one tends to develop in their lifetime, cataracts is one of the most prevalent ones and despite common beliefs, old age can barely be referred to as a cause of the ailment. Cataracts is the formation of a cloud or haze within the lens of the eye, which is also due to the reduction of the protein present in the lens.
However, due to the high number of people who are affected by cataracts each year, it is commonly believed that cataracts come naturally as you grow older. Although there is some truth in that statement, it can’t be said that that’s the only thing that causes cataracts.
Before one can successfully identify cataracts, it’s important that they are aware of what exactly a cataract is. It is the build-up of protein in the lens present in your eye which makes your vision cloudy and blurry. If you have experienced your vision getting blurry, you might have cataracts. Here are some of the most common symptoms:
- Modification in the colour you see – often times, the colours fade
- Complications in eyesight during the day
- Cloudy, foggy, filmy or blurry vision
- Complications with glare when driving at night
- A halo around bright lights – street lights, headlights, etc.
- Nearsightedness – more common in elderly
- Double vision in the eye that is affected
- Frequent changes in contact lenses or eyeglasses
How Are Cataracts Diagnosed?
If you experience any of the aforementioned symptoms and are certain that the cause could be cataracts, then the first thing you should do is to go for an eye test from your optician. The doctor should give you an exam for the purpose of testing out your eyesight and how well you can see.
The doctor is also going to do a test where he’ll dilate your pupil to check parts of the eye, such as the lens. If you have contact lenses or eyeglasses, ensure that you bring these along when you go to get your eye test done from your optician.
The treatment for cataracts varies depending on what type of cataract you have been diagnosed with by your optician or eye doctor. If your case isn’t severe and if it is possible to correct your vision with the help of eyeglasses or contact lenses, the doctor will give you a prescription for that.
However, if your problem with cataracts is one that affects the way you live your life on a daily basis, you will have to opt for cataract surgery to get the cataract removed from inside your eye. This surgery may sound scary, but it is normally safe and the results are almost always guaranteed. The surgery takes place to remove the existing lens and replacing it with a new, man-made one.
It’s the only way to really get rid of the cataract present inside your eye, and 95% of people who have taken the surgery to treat cataracts report that their vision improved greatly afterwards.